Automotive smart glass: the benefits of flexible LC cells

Flexible liquid crystal cells can bring many benefits to automotive smart windows.

Ross Hookway, Marketing Executive

Home  >  Blog   >   Automotive smart glass: the benefits of flexible LC cells

Automotive manufacturers have started to offer tintable smart glass to some vehicle models. In this blog we look how using flexible liquid crystal cells in smart windows can bring benefits to vehicle design, environmental impact, and the customer experience.

With winter bringing shorter days, the sun is now noticeably lower during my daily commute to and from the FlexEnable office. It is not a long journey by any means, but at the moment I do seem to spend a fair amount of time trying to avoid the sun’s glare. By a quirk of design, the sun shade below my sunroof is not opaque and the light seems to hit it at just the wrong angle every morning and I have to adjust my position more than once to ensure that the sun is not in my eyes – not ideal when travelling along busy roads – and I find myself wishing for a simpler solution.

Tintable Smart Glass

In the past few years, some automotive manufacturers have started to offer tintable glass as an option on high-end models, providing a controllable way to adjust the amount of light and heat let in using glass liquid crystal (LC) technology. However, these have almost exclusively been used where the glass requires very little to no curvature, such as directly above the passenger seats. This is a restriction of the manufacturing process and materials used – glass liquid crystal cells cannot easily be applied in automotive use cases.

Vehicle design – efficiency is key

Vehicle design is trending towards flowing lines with curved surfaces and glass for practical reasons, as well as aesthetics. The Drag Coefficient, an aerodynamic measurement of how well a vehicle travels through the surrounding air, is now an important spec in the list for manufacturers and for customers. A low drag coefficient can potentially mean a longer range and higher efficiency for electric cars and less fuel burned for combustion engines – a feature important to todays’ customers looking to make a more environmentally conscious purchase.

Flexible Liquid Crystal cells: conformable, fast, energy efficient

There is therefore a clear need for automotive smart glass that can both conform to today’s vehicle design requirements and offer LC technology for smart dimming. FlexEnable’s flexible organic transistors and LC cells, manufactured on plastic at a far lower temperature than glass, are the solution.

By using plastic substrates, the resultant LC film can be curved in two directions (biaxially), a requirement for the modern, efficiency-focused design of automotive glass surfaces. It can therefore be conformed to the curvature of a window, adding virtually no extra weight at less than 100 microns thick.

This enables glass that is lightweight, colour neutral, and can be switched at video rate to clear, tinted or anything in between. It can also be segmented, meaning that sections of the glass could be tinted/dimmed at different levels – for example, a darker strip across the top of a window to stop sun glare.

Multiple benefits

For automotive manufacturers, FlexEnable’s technology provides a low-temperature process that meets cost requirements with less environmental impact, and enables a new set of features and design possibilities for vehicles across a range. For customers, it brings features such as dimming to stop glare, for privacy, or to prevent the vehicle interior from heating up in strong sunlight and protecting valuable items inside.

In the case of my commute, a smart roof with automatic or controlled dimming that can switch quickly and prevent sunlight glare and manage heat effectively would definitely be a less cumbersome solution, and would certainly cause less wear on the sunshade (and my patience!).

FlexEnable technology at CES 2023
FlexEnable’s organic LC Cell technology will be on display at CES 2023 from 5 – 8 Jan as part of the OE-A Pavillion. You will be able to experience our smart window demo and meet members of the team who can discuss any aspects or requirements further.

Find us at: Booth #51239, OE‐A Pavilion, Sands Expo, Level 2, Halls A‐D

For more information, or to request a meeting, contact us at